Bartinus Pedersen Satrum
Bartinus Satrum immigrated to America in 1865 with his parents.
Peter Olesen, his wife, Sigrid,
and 2 children, Ole and Bartinus, sailed on the 485 ton bark (a type of
sailing ship, the "bark" designation has to do with how the masts were
mounted and the sails were rigged) "Bergen"
piloted by Captain P. Arnesen, on May 14, 1865 arriving in Quebec on
July 6,1865 after a 2 month voyage. On the ship"s manifest they
were listed as Peter Olsen Sæthergjærdet 30 a farmer, Sirri Baardsdatter
his wife 30, Ole Petersen his son 3 1/2 and Baardlinus Petersen his son
9 months. The ships manifest listed 181 adults, 111 children 1-14
yrs, and 15 infants. The ages aren't totally correct.
Church wedding records for Bartinus show witnesses as P. Satran (Peter
Satrum) and Mrs. P. Satran. Bartinus and Mette Caroline Winge
were married March 05, 1892. Bartinus was 29 and Lena was
18. After they married in March, they moved that same month with
Mette's parents to Laq qui Parle county. By the 29th of March,
1892, Mette's father purchased a farm in Laq qui Parle county so we
know that from the time of the wedding in Minneola Township in Goodhue
county, they were relocated to Madison Township in Laq qui Parle
County, less than 4 weeks later.
There is some
confusion over entries in Bartinus and Lena's family bible. Most
may be due to using phoentic spelling. Even the names of some of
the children appear to be spelled phoenetically. An entry in the
bible indicates that the bible was a gift on Bartinus and Lina's
wedding day. The inscription is "Carrplummert (This may be the
word "complements" spelled as best they could) from L.D. Frigaard and
T.O. Thoreson to Mr. and Mrs. B.P. Satrum on their wedding day".
Special Note: Jerry Winberg, son of Stella Satrum (Winberg) and Wendell Winberg) has Bartinus and Lena's family bible.
LAQ QUI PARLE COUNTY
Bartinus and Mette Caroline had 14 children of whom 2 were born in Laq qui Parle County, Minnesota. They were Selma and Jonette. We originally beleived that 4 children (Selma,
Jonette, Olga, and Emma) were born there but the 1895 Goodhue County
census records Bartinus, Caroline, Selma and Jonette there.
The birthdates of Olga (1896) and Emma (1897)
are after this date. The Laq qui Parle County county court house
only had the record of one birth (Jonette). Clerks at the
courthouse said it was not uncommon for only some of the births to be
recorded in those days. Olga and Emma's birthdates now explain
why were were unable to find birth records in Lac Qui Parle County.
Bartinus and Mette moved to Lac qui Parle with Mette's parents, (Mathias and Johanna Winge),
and her sister and husband, (Marie and John Bordson) in March of
1892. When they arrived in Laq qui Parle there were already many
Winge familes living there. (This included Mathias' parents,
Greis and Marit Winge). Some family members are buried in the
Hegre, Lac Qui Parle Lutheran Church and county cemetery about 3-4
miles northeast of Madison, Minnesota.
Bartinus and Lena moved back to Goodhue County by 1895 where the
remaining children were born. Soon after they returned to
the Zumbrota area, their first son, Johan, was born. After he
died so soon, Bartinus thought God was punishing him because of his
drinking habit. He quit drinking after his son's death.
(Documentation: This information came from a note from Bob
Blakstad). We have never found the grave site of Johan.
3 farms or 2? (more research needed)
We believe that
Bartinus and Lena had at least 2 farms near Zumbrota in Goodhue County,
Minnesota. From the U.S. censuses we know that they were on the
"first farm" in 1910 and the "second farm" in 1920,
but we don't have the specific dates of when they bought and sold these
farms. They are also shown on what appears to be the "first farm"
in the 1900 census but that farm
is in enumeration district 60 in 1900 and enumeration district 61 in
1910. Also the neighboring farm families have different names in
1900 and 1910. Also the 1900 farm did not have a mortgage and the later
1910 farm did have a mortgage, so we are unsure if the farms referenced
in 1900 and 1910 are the same farm of if the 1900 farm was a possible earlier third farm.
The first farm was south and east of the town of Zumbrota in section 30 of Zumbrota Township and the second farm was west of the town of Zumbrota in section 16 of
Minneola Township. Bartinus and Lena's daughter, Myrtle recalled
when they moved from the first farm to the 2nd farm. It was a
cold day and they had to drive all of the animals through part of
Zumbrota as they took their possessions to their new home. The
first farm house was moved from the farm and now is a home 1290 Main
Street in the town of Zumbrota. All of the buildings on this
first farm are gone. The 2nd farm was sold to Bartinus's
son-in-law, Ole Shelstad who had married Bartinus and Lena's daughter
Mette Olga. Later the farm house on that property was torn down
for a new home. The barn remains (in 2005) but is in poor
shape. My father, Henry Norman Satrum recalled helping build that barn.
When they moved from the first farm to the second farm, they took a
team of horses and all the farm animals through town on a cold
day. Myrtle remembered only wearing a sweater which was not
enough to protect her from the cold.
THE SATRUM NAME:
Pedersen, like his father Peder Olesen was known by more than one name
until they finally settled on "Satrum" as the family name:
One account says that Bartinus' father, Peter, and his wife
Sigrid used Sigrid's farm name ("Sætran") after they moved to
On the passenger list of the bark "Bergen"
Bartinus was listed as "Baardlinus Petersen", on the 1870 U.S. census,
he is recorded as "Bortinus Olsen", on the 1880 U.S. census, he is
recorded as "Bortinuis Oleson", on the 1900 U.S. census, he is recorded
as "Bortinus P. Satrum".
In his family bible, Bartinus is recorded (presumably by Bartinus or
Lena) as "Baartinus Pederson Sætrum". The bible was a
wedding gift in 1892 but it is not know when the entries listing the
names of family members were made in the bible. There are some
later entries in another handwriting. Some family members believe
these entries were made by Marjorie Wing Satrum, wife of Olaf Satrum,
son of Bartinus and Lena
On the 1900 and 1905 U.S. Census files he was listed as Bartinus Satrum. Census records from that point have him listed as Bartinus Satrum.
from Minneola church show his last name changing in 1914. In
1913, he was still listed as "Bartinus P. Satran". Records in
that church changed from Norwegian to English in 1931.
There are anecdotal stories that Bartinus changed his name to avoid
being confused with a different Bartinus Pedersen. He may have
originally taken the name Pedersen (son of Peder) in the Norwegian
tradition, only later to have changed it to Olesen to be the same last
name as his father, only to have both of them later use Satran,
Sætran, and Satrum.
1853: Goodhue County, Minnesota was established March 5, 1853 and named in honor of James Madison Goodhue, who was the first printer and editor in Minnesota.
1854: Zumbrota, Minnesota, the town near where they will locate, was
settled in 1854, organized in 1858 and received the name of its village
platted in 1856 on the Zumbro river which flows across the southern
part of the township. It was called "Riviere d'Embarras" by Pike
in 1805-1806 adopting the name given it by French traders and
voyageurs. The French name referred to obstruction of the river
near its mouth by a natural raft of driftwood. Pronounced quickly
and incompletely, with the French form and accent, as heard and written
down by the English-speaking immigrants, this name "Riviere
d'Embarras" was unrecognizably transformed into "Zumbro" which is
used on a map of Minnesota in 1860. The village and township name
adds a syllable, the Sioux suffix, "ta" meaning "at", "to", or "on",
that is "the town on the Zumbro, being thus a compound from the French
and Dakota languages.
1855: Minneola Township,
where Bartinus' parents would move (and later he would also live), was
settled in 1855 and organized on December 15, 1859. The name
comes from the Dakota or Sioux Indian language, meaning "much water".
1856: Between Red Wing,
Minnesota, alongside the Mississippi river (where many Norwegians would
start their Minnesota journey), and Zumbrota (about 25 miles), there
were only 6 log houses along a well marked Indian trail.
1861: Zumbrota has a population of 206.
1862: "Great Sioux Uprising":
West of where Peter, Sigrid and their family will move, settlers are killed during the "Great Sioux Uprising". One woman recalled the time: "The
Indians have begun attacking the farmers. They have already killed a
great many people, and many are mutilated in the cruelest manner.
Tomahawks and knives have already claimed many victims. Children, less
able to defend themselves, are usually burned alive or hanged in the
trees, and destruction moves from house to house. The Indians burn
everything on their way - houses, hay, grains, and so on. Even if I
describe the horror in the strongest possible language, my description
would fall short of reality. These troubles have now lasted for about
two weeks, and every day larger numbers of settlers come into St Peter
to protect their lives from the raging Indians. They crowd themselves
together in large stone houses for protection, and the misery is so
great that imagination could not depict it in darker colors. A few
persons with their hands and feet burned off. May I never again have to
see such terrible sights".
April 14, 1865. President Abraham Lincoln is shot. He dies the next day.
May 1, 1865. The first marriage license in Goodhue County was issued. Prior to then, no license was required.
May 14, 1865.
Bartinus sails on the bark "Bergen" with his parents and his brother,
Ole, from Trondheim to Quebec. Between 1850 and 1865 most
emigrants traveled on Norwegian sailing ships to Quebec and from there
to the United States.
From the middle of the 1860s, steamships gradually replaced sailing
ships making mass emigration possible. In the 1850s and 1860s,
thirty to fifty small Norwegian sailing vessels (brigs, schooners, or
barks) would set out annually each April or May from the coast of
Norway. Each carried between one-hundred and four-hundred passengers,
and almost all were overloaded. The journey was hard - it took four to
twelve weeks to cross the North Atlantic, and it was dangerous. In 1862
four percent of the emigrants on Norwegians vessels died at sea. And in
1863 Norwegian authorities passed regulations to try to prevent
overloading, and to ensure that the emigrants carried no diseases.
May 26, 1865. The American Civil War ends.
July 6, 1865. They arrive in Quebec.
By this time
77,873 Norwegians had left Norway, mainly from the fjord districts of
western Norway and the mountain areas of eastern Norway.
1870's: During the 1870's there were only 2 dentists in the entire county.
If a tooth needed extraction, people would do it themselves. The
common method was to tie a string to the person's infected tooth and
also to a door knob and then quickly move the door to pull the
tooth. According to the census the Scandinavians had become the
largest foreign-born group in Minnesota. The Scandinavian group was
dominated by the Norwegians.
Satrum and Caroline Winge marry on March 5, 1892, and move with
Caroline's father, Matthias Winge, to Laq qui Parle county, Minnesota.
1900 U. S. Census:
Bartinus and Lena are listed as living in "Township" (the actual
township name was not entered on the form, but we believe it to be
Zumbrota Township) and owning their home and not having a
mortgage. Living at home with them are their children: Selma P.,
Jaynetta (note spelling), Mattie O. (this is Olga), and Emma M.
1910 U. S. Census:
Bartinus and Mette are listed as living in Zumbrota Township and having
a mortgage on their home. Living at home with them are their
children: Jonette G., Mette O., Emma M., Benjamin L., Bethsadia O.,
Hannah N., Henry N., Olaf, and Clarence R.
1920 U. S. Census:
general farmer, and Lena are listed as living in Minneola Township and
owning their home. Living at home with them are their children: Emma (A
sales lady in a dry goods store), Benjamin (A laborer in a brick
factory), Bethsadia Oline, Hannah Normandie, Henry Norman, Olaf, Clarence Rudolph, Myrtle Leona, Malinda Luella, and Stella Viola.
1930 U. S. Census:
Lena are listed as living in Minneola Township and owning their home
and having a radio in the home. Living at home with them are
their children: Clarence, Myrtle, and Stella.
1939 Crown Prince Olaf of Norway visits Zumbrota:
quartermasters, American Legion, Viking Club and crowds of spectators
thronged the streets. The Mayor presided over a ceremony given on
the steps of the armory.